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pls which ministers of ghana attain cabinet membership without the president's appointment? i know of the ministry of finance and that of defence which others are part?

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Please read what the constitution says about the cabinet and how they are formed

The Cabinet

(1) There shall be a Cabinet which shall consist of the President, the Vice-President and not less than ten and not more than nineteen Ministers of State.

(2) The Cabinet shall assist the President in the determination of general policy of the Government.

(3) There shall be a Secretary to the Cabinet who shall be appointed by the President.

(1) The Cabinet shall be summoned by the President who shall preside at all its meetings; and in the absence of the President, the Vice-President shall preside.

(2) The Cabinet shall regulate the procedure at its meetings.

(1) Ministers of State shall be appointed by the President with the prior approval of Parliament from among members of Parliament or persons qualified to be elected as members of Parliament, except that the majority of Ministers of State shall be appointed from among members of Parliament.

(2) The President shall appoint such number of Ministers of State as may be necessary for the efficient running of the State.

(3) A Minister of State shall not hold any other office of profit or emolument whether private or public and whether directly or indirectly unless otherwise permitted by the Speaker acting on the recommendations of a committee of Parliament on the ground-

(a) that holding that office will not prejudice the work of a Minister; and

(b) that no conflict of interest arises or would arise as a result of the Minister holding that office.

(1) The President may, in consultation with a Minister of State, and with the prior approval of Parliament, appoint one or more Deputy Ministers to assist the Minister in the performance of his functions.

(2) A person shall not be appointed a Deputy Minister unless he is a Member of Parliament or is qualified to be elected as a member of Parliament.

(3) Clause (3) of article 78 applies to a Deputy Minister as it applies to a Minister of State.

A Minister of State or Deputy Minister shall not enter upon the duties of his unless he has taken and subscribed the oath of allegiance, the oath of Minister of State and the Cabinet oath, as the case may be, set out in the Second Schedule to this Constitution.
81The office of a Minister of State or a Deputy Minister shall become vacant if-

(a) his appointment is revoked by the President; or

(b) he is elected as Speaker or Deputy Speaker; or

(c) he resigns from office; or

(d) he dies.

(1) Parliament may, by a resolution supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds of all the members of Parliament, pass a vote of censure on a Minister of State.

(2) A motion for the resolution referred to in clause (1) of this article shall not be moved in Parliament unless-

(a) seven days' notice has been given of the motion; and

(b) the notice for the motion has been signed by not less than one-third of all the members of Parliament;

(3) The motion shall be debated in Parliament within fourteen days after the receipt by the Speaker of the notice for the motion.

(4) A Minister of State in respect of whom a vote of censure is debated under clause (3) of this article is entitled, during the debate, to be heard in his defence.

(5) Where a vote of censure is passed against a Minister under this article the President may, unless the Minister resigns his office, revoke his appointment as a Minister.

(6) For the avoidance of doubt this article applies to a Deputy Minister as it applies to a Minister of State.
83The National Security Council

(1) There shall be a National Security Council which shall consist of-

(a) the President;

(b) the Vice-President;

(c) the Ministers for the time being holding the portfolios of foreign affairs, defence, interior, and finance and such other Ministers as the President may determine;

(d) the Chief of Defence Staff and two other members of the Armed Forces;

(e) the Inspector-General of Police and two other members of the Police Service, one of whom shall be the Commissioner of Police responsible for Criminal Investigations Department;

(f) the Director-General of the Prisons Service;

(g) the Director of External Intelligence;

(h) the Director of Internal Intelligence;

(i) the Director of Military Intelligence;

(j) the Commissioner of Customs, Excise and Preventive Service; and

(k) three persons appointed by the President.

(2) The President shall preside at meetings of the National Security Council and in his absence the Vice-President shall preside.

(3) The President may, acting in consultation with the National Security Council, invite such persons as he considers necessary for any deliberations of the Council.

(4) A person invited to participate in the deliberations of the Council under clause (3) of this article shall not vote on any matter for decision before the Council.

(5) The National Security Council shall regulate the procedure at its meetings.

(6) The Secretary to the Cabinet shall be the Secretary to the National Security Council.

The functions of the National Security Council include-

(a) considering and taking appropriate measures to safeguard the internal and external security of Ghana;

(b) ensuring the collection of information relating to the security of Ghana and the integration of the domestic, foreign and security policies relating to it so as to enable the security services and other departments and agencies of the Government to co-operate more effectively in matters relating to national security;

(c) assessing and appraising the objectives, commitments and risks of Ghana in relation to the actual and potential military power in the interest of national security; and

(d) taking appropriate measures regarding the consideration of policies on matters of common interest to the departments and agencies of the Government concerned with national security.


No agency, establishment or other organization concerned with national security shall be established except as provided for under this Constitution.


National Development Planning Commission

(1) There shall be a National Development Planning Commission.

(2) The Commission shall consist of-

(i) a Chairman who shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Council of State;

(ii) the Minister responsible for finance and such other Ministers of State as the President may appoint;

(iii) the Government Statistician;

(iv) the Governor of the Bank of Ghana;

(v) one representative from each region of Ghana appointed by the Regional Co-ordinating Council of the region;

(vi) such other persons as may be appointed by the President having regard to their knowledge and experience of the relevant areas and roles pertaining to development, economic, social, environmental and spatial planning.

(3) The National Development Planning Commission shall be responsible to the President.

(1) The Commission shall advise the President on development planning policy and strategy.

(2) The Commission shall, at the request of the President or Parliament, or on its own initiative-

(a) study and make strategic analyses of macro-economic and structural reform options;

(b) make proposals for the development of multi-year rolling plans taking into consideration the resource potential and comparative advantage of the different districts of Ghana;

(c) make proposals for the protection of the natural and physical environment;

(d) make proposals for ensuring the even development of the districts of Ghana by the effective utilisation of available resources; and

(e) monitor, evaluate and co-ordinate development policies, programmes and projects.

(3) The Commission shall also perform such other functions relating to development planning as the President may direct.
 The Attorney-General88

(1) There shall be an Attorney-General of Ghana who shall be a Minister of State and the principal legal adviser to the Government.

(2) The Attorney-General shall discharge such other duties of a legal nature as may be referred or assigned to him by the President, or imposed on him by this Constitution or any other law.

(3) The Attorney-General shall be responsible for the initiation and conduct of all prosecutions of criminal offences.

(4) All offences prosecuted in the name of the Republic of Ghana shall be at the suit of the Attorney-General or any other person authorised by him in accordance with any law.

(5) The Attorney-General shall be responsible for the institution and conduct of all civil cases on behalf of the State; and all civil proceedings against the State shall be instituted against the Attorney-General as defendant.

(6) The Attorney-General shall have audience in all courts in Ghana.
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